guest house york
Home Page About us The Location Contact us
york bed breakfast, yorkshire holiday, accommodation acomodation accomodation acommodation, guest house york, winter breaks, short stay, small hotel, visitor tourist, city centre
The Deiran successors of the British called York, Eoforwic, probably adapting Ebor into their own name for "boar" and adding the wic when they transformed part of the city into a major manufacturing and trading centre on the River Ouse. Northern parts of the old Kingdom of Ebrauc were soon lost to the Bernicians and then adjoining Britons, but York remained the capital of the Kingdom of Deira and it continued as the seat of Royal power. The pagan King Aelle is said to have quickly set up his palace in the city, possibly in the ruins of the old Roman military headquarters building.
Anglian York is particularly associated with the great King Edwin of Deira who, after a period of Bernician dominance, reasserted an independent Deira in 616AD and even conquered the more northerly kingdom. York became his Deiran capital, while his Bernician seat was at Yeavering. The monarch took a keen interest in spiritual matters and, after an apparent brief dabble with Christianity in his youth, he was eventually fully converted to this new religion within two years of his marriage to the Christian Princess Ethleburga of Kent in 625AD. The new Queen's personal chaplain, St. Paulinus, was named Bishop of York. So bringing to fruition, Pope Gregory the Great's plan, which had been outlined to St. Augustine as early as 601AD, to establish a Metropolitan See in the city. On 12th April 627AD, Paulinus baptised King Edwin and many of his nobles in a small wooden oratory surrounded by the ruined Legionary Headquarters and probably adjoining the Royal Palace in York. Tradition appoints the spot to have been the well in the Norman crypt of the present Minster, but archaeological investigation has shown this area to have been the site of an Anglian cemetery. The associated church was probably somewhere nearby. The King later encased the building in stone, by erecting a more impressive Roman-style basilican church dedicated to St. Peter.
Edwin is portrayed by the Venerable Bede as the English successor to the high command of the Roman Dux Britanniarum. He may have refortified the city around 631AD after Kings Cadwallon of Gwynedd and Penda of Mercia invaded the North and brought Deira near to total destruction. The existing (so-called) 'Anglian Tower' in the city may date from this period, though modern theories seem to favour the late Roman period. The building of York Minster was interrupted two years later, when the combined Welsh and Mercian troops mustered for "a burning of York". St. Paulinus fled south. Edwin was later killed at the Battle of Hatfield Chase and Cadwallon set up his headquarters at York.
By 635AD, King Oswald had re-established Christianity in a united Northumbria but, though the building of the city's Minster was completed and King Edwin's head interred there, the central authority of the Church in the North was transferred from York to the new monastic establishment at Lindisfarne. The See was not restored to the city until 664AD, when St. Wilfred, fresh from his triumph at the Synod of Whitby, was created Bishop of Northumbria. Being an advocate of the Roman Church, he set himself up in York, well away from Irish influenced Lindisfarne, and restored the Minster which had by this time fallen into disrepair. However, these were times of upheaval within the Northern Church and clashes with the King and periods of absence led to an oscillation in the city's ecclesiastical standing. In AD 735, Bishop Egbert - a cousin of King Ceolwulf of Northumbria - finally persuaded Pope Gregory III to confirm York's status as an Archiepiscopal See. Unfortunately, the Minster appears to have suffered a serious fire soon afterward, on 23rd April AD 741, though associated monastic buildings were apparently spared. It may have had some connection with King Aethelbald of Mercia's attacks on the kingdom the previous year. The church was later rebuilt by Archbishop Albert.